Brain research theory provides a knowledge base that, if used as a blueprint for implementing instructional strategies, can effectively enhance the learning environment. Dr. Orey described the theory constructivism as the belief that "people can learn best when they build an external artifact or something they share with others." (Laureate education, Inc. 2011) Constructionism can be a theory of learning as well as a strategy for education. As an extension of the constructivist theory, the belief is that knowledge is not simply transmitted from facilitator to student, but that it is actively constructed in the mind of the learner. New ideas are generated through the creation of an external artifact in addition to the interaction of a collaborative environment.
Educators should strategically implement lessons that promote an environment of inquiry and challenge. Students should be able to choose organize, collaborate, create artifacts of their choice, make predictions, design and construct ideas, collect and analyze data, self-evaluate and communicate ideas. The facilitator guides the learner along their path of learning by creating a classroom culture that supports frequent feedback and assessment. (Pitler, Hubbell, Kuhn, Malenoski, 2007)
Instructional strategies that correlate with the Constructivist's classroom will include brainstorming and discussion sessions. Incorporating graphic organizers will allow students to use their prior knowledge to assist in the new inquires created through the exploratory process. Collaborative projects that have rubric will define expectations as well as engage learners in authentic, real-world tasks.
Laureate Education, Inc. (Producer). (2011). Program seven: Constructionist and constructivist learning theories [Video webcast]. Bridging learning theory, instruction and technology. Retrieved fromhttp://laureate.ecollege.com/ec/crs/default.learn?CourseID=5700267&CPURL=laureate.ecollege.com&Survey=1&47=2594577&ClientNodeID=984650&coursenav=0&bhcp=1
Orey, M. (Ed.). (2001). Problem-based instruction. Emerging perspectives on learning, teaching, and technology. Retrieved from http://projects.coe.uga.edu/epltt/index.php?title=Main_Page